Creating a Bibliography Page
(Much of the information below has come from Write Source, A book for Writing, Thinking, and Learning.)

List all the sources that you used to make your report.
This includes all books, magazines, newspapers, websites, interviews, and TV programs.

  • Put each source on a single line, hanging indent for a second line if needed, and a period at the end.

  • You should arrange them in alphabetical order of the authors last name.

  • You should also make sure that the list is double spaced.

Citing a book:

You need to know the author (last name first), the title (underlined),
city where published: Publisher, copyright date.

Here is an example:
Miles, Michael C. Hurricane Force. Philadelphia: Countryside Press, 2002.

Citing an Internet Source

You need to know the author, (if available). Page title (if available, in quotation marks). Site title (underlined).
Date published (if available). Date found <URL>.

Here is an example:
Arnett, Bill. "Callisto."  The Nine Planets. 20 November 2001


Citing a Magazine:

You need to know the author (last name first). Article title (in quotation marks). Title of the magazine (underlined) Date (day, month, year): Page numbers of the article.

Here is an example:
Tucker, Libby. "Now That's Intense!" Science World 17 Nov. 2003: 4-6.

Citing an Encyclopedia:

Author (if available). Article title (in quotation marks). Title of the encyclopedia (underlined). Edition (if available). Date published.

Here is an example:
"Hurricane." World Almanac for Kids. 2004.

Citing an Interview:

Person interviewed (last name first). Type of interview (personal, phone, mail, email). Date.

Here is an example:
Rasmussen, Arnold. Personal interview. 13 March 2004.

Practice #1
Setting up a works-cited/bibliography page using only books.

Scholastic 2007 Lee Miller Roanoke - The Mystery of the Lost Colony New York
Houghton Mifflin 1997 Raymond Bial The Strength of These Arms: Life in the Slave Quarters Boston
Children's Press 1997 Gail Sakurai The Jamestown Colony New York
Children's Press 1992 Dennis Brindell Fradin From Sea to Shining Sea: Virginia Chicago



Practice #2
Setting up a works-cited/bibliography page using different types of sources.

BOOK Diamonds are Forever Ian Fleming   Penguin Books 1957 page 34
MAGAZINE   Dave Dancer How to Dance/Smash Hits   September 2003  
ENCYCLOPEDIA World Almanac for Kids Jack Barnes Volcanoes   2006  
INTERVIEW phone Jon Spencer     March 3, 2005  
WEBSITE Dangers of the Internet   June 2005  


Parenthetical Citations

The following information about parenthetical citations comes from:

In MLA style, in-text citations, called parenthetical citations, are used to document any external sources used within a document (unless the material cited is considered general knowledge). The parenthetical citations direct readers to the full bibliographic citations listed in the Works Cited, located at the end of the document. In most cases, the parenthetical citations include the author's last name and the specific page number for the information cited. Here are general guidelines for in-text citations.

Use of Authors' Names
Always mention the author's nameeither in the text itself or in the parenthetical citationunless no author is provided.

If the author's name is mentioned in the text
If the author's name is used in the text introducing the source material, then cite the page number(s) in parentheses:
            Branscomb argues that "it's a good idea to lurk (i.e., read all the messages without contributing anything) for a few weeks, to ensure that you don't break any of the rules of netiquette" (7) when joining a listserv.

If the author's name is not mentioned in the text
If the author's name is not used in the sentence introducing the source material, then include the author's last name in the parenthetical citation before the page number(s). Note that no comma appears between the author's name and the page number(s).

The modern world requires both the ability to concentrate on one thing and the ability to attend to more than one thing at a time: "Ideally, each individual would cultivate a repertoire of styles of attention, appropriate to different situations, and would learn how to embed activities and types of attention one within another" (Bateson 97).

     Tom Peters talks about a company that facilitates employees' renewal by shutting down its factory for several hours per week while teams work through readings on current business topics (57).

If there are two or three authors
If a source has two or three authors, place all of the authors' last names in the text or in the parenthetical citation:

A team can be defined as "a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, performance goals, and approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable" (Katzenbach and Smith 45).

If there are four or more authors
If a source has four or more authors, include the first author's last name followed by et al. (Latin for and others), either in the text or in the parenthetical citation. You can also name all of the authors:

     Cogdill et al. argue that "making backchannel overtly available for study would require making its presence and content visible and its content persist, affecting the nature of the backchannel and raising social and ethical issues" (109).


The following information is from: 

The Many Facets of Taboo

            The World Book Encyclopedia defines Taboo as "an action, object, person, or place forbidden by law or culture" (Dundes).
            As pointed out in the Occultopedia, another word for taboo is "tabu" a Polynesian word meaning that which is banned. The Occultopedia also points out that taboo is found among many other cultures including the ancient Egyptians, Jews and others ("Taboo")
            Mary Douglas has analyzed the many facets and interpretations of taboos across various cultures. In her view, taboos could be considered a kind of "brain-washing" (2549) as they are transmitted to individuals along with an entire cultural system made up of a pattern of values and norms. 
            In reference to Freak Shows at circuses, an interesting observation is made that people who possess uncommon features and who willingly go out in public to display such oddities to onlookers are acting as "modern-day taboo breakers" by crossing the "final boundary between societal acceptance and ostracism." (Rothenberg)
            In traditional British East Africa, between the time of puberty and marriage, a young Akamba girl must maintain an avoidance relationship with her own father (Freud 17).
            Looking at taboo in a modern society, Marvin Harris gives an interesting example of the application of cultural materialism to the Hindu taboo against eating beef (qtd. in McGrath).

In your Bibliography or Works Cited page, you must include all of the above parenthetical citations. See sample below.

Works Cited

  • Douglas, Mary. "Taboo." Man, Myth & Magic. Ed. Richard Cavendish. New ed. 21 vols. New York: Cavendish, 1994.

  • Dundes, Alan. "Taboo." The World Book Encyclopedia. 2000 ed.

  • Freud, Sigmund. Totem and Taboo. New York: Random, 1918.

  • McGrath, Stacy. "Ecological Anthropology." Anthropological Theories: A Guide Prepared by Students for Students. 19 Oct. 2001. U.   of Alabama. 18 Jan. 2005 <>. 

  • Rothenberg, Kelly. "Tattooed People as Taboo Figures in Modern Society." 1996. BME/Psyber City. 18 Jan. 2005 <>.

  • "Taboo." Occultopedia: Encyclopedia of Occult Sciences and Knowledge.  Site created and designed by Marcus V. Gay. 18 Jan. 2005 <>.